Jupytext’s configuration file

Jupytext can use either jupytext.toml or pyproject.toml as its configuration file.

Global pairing

To pair all the notebooks in the current folder and subfolders, all you need to do is to create a jupytext.toml file with this content:

# Pair ipynb notebooks to py:percent text notebooks
formats = "ipynb,py:percent"

With the above configuration, saving notebook.ipynb (or notebook.py) in Jupyter will have the effect to update both notebook.ipynb and notebook.py on disk.

You can use other text formats like md, md:myst, Rmd or qmd. The percent format is available for many languages. Use auto:percent to infer the file extension from the programmation language used in the notebook.

You can also configure Jupytext in a pyproject.toml config file rather than jupytext.toml. In that case, a sample configuration would be:

formats = "ipynb,py:percent"

Pairing in subfolders

If you want to store your .ipynb notebooks in a notebooks folder, and their .py representation in a scripts folder, you can use this jupytext.toml configuration:

"notebooks/" = "ipynb"
"scripts/" = "py:percent"

or this pyproject.toml configuration:

"notebooks/" = "ipynb"
"scripts/" = "py:percent"

The notebook/ prefix above is matched with the top-most parent folder of the matching name, not above the Jupytext configuration file.

Global pairing vs individual pairing

Alternatively, notebooks can be paired individually using either the Jupytext commands in Jupyter Lab, or the command line interface:

jupytext --set-formats ipynb,py:percent notebook.ipynb

The individual pairing takes precedence over the global pairing. You can disable the global pairing for an individual notebook by setting formats to a single format:

jupytext --set-formats ipynb notebook.ipynb

Please note that, while Jupytext is Jupyter acts accordingly to both local or global Jupytext configuration files, the Jupyter commands in JupyterLab and the Jupytext menu in Jupyter only display the pairing information set in the notebooks itself and are not aware of the global configuration (#177).

Possible locations for the Jupytext configuration files

The Jupytext configuration file(s) should be either in the local or a parent directory, or in any directory listed in

from jupytext.config import global_jupytext_configuration_directories

which include XDG_CONFIG_HOME (defaults to $HOME/.config) and XDG_CONFIG_DIR.

The name for the configuration file can be any of jupytext.config.JUPYTEXT_CONFIG_FILES, i.e. .jupytext (in TOML), jupytext.toml, jupytext.yml, jupytext.yaml, jupytext.json or jupytext.py (dot-files like .jupytext.toml are accepted by the CLI version of Jupytext, but are not effective in Jupyter).

As mentionned above, you can also use your Python project’s pyproject.toml file.

If you want to know, for a given directory, which configuration file is used by Jupytext, run this in a Python shell:

from jupytext.config import find_jupytext_configuration_file

If you want to limit the search for a configuration file to a given parent directory, you can create an empty .jupytext configuration file in that directory. Alternatively, you can set the search boundaries with an environment variable JUPYTEXT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES - a colon-separated list of absolute paths.

If JUPYTEXT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES is defined, Jupytext will stop searching for configuration files when it meets one of these path. This can be helpful to avoid searching for configuration files on slow filesystems. It can also be useful if you don’t want to use a global configuration - for instance, when running pytest on Jupytext, we use JUPYTEXT_CEILING_DIRECTORIES="/tmp".